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Draft Open Space and Recreation Strategy - June 2011

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View Comments (2) Appendix 1: Additional Policy Context

National Policy Guidance

Planning Policy Statement (PPS) 1: Delivering Sustainable Development
This statement sets out the overarching planning policies on the delivery of sustainable development through the planning system. It requires planning authorities to ensure that development integrates urban form and the natural environment and creates and sustains an appropriate mix of uses, including green space.

Planning Policy Statement: Climate Change - Supplement to PPS1
This supplement to PPS1 sets out how planning should contribute to reducing emissions and stabilising climate change. In particular, it states that when selecting land for development planning authorities should take into account "the contribution to be made from existing and new opportunities for open space and green infrastructure to urban cooling, sustainable drainage systems, and conserving and enhancing biodiversity".

Planning Policy Guidance (PPG) 2: Green Belts
This defines the role of Green Belts. The fundamental aim of Green Belt policy is to protect the countryside by preventing urban sprawl and encouraging sustainable patterns of urban development.

Planning Policy Statement (PPS) 9: Biological and Geological Conservation
This highlights the role that functioning ecosystems can have in promoting sustainable development and contributing to rural renewal and urban renaissance.

Planning Policy Guidance Note 17 (PPG) 17 – Planning for Open Space, Sport and Recreation
This guidance note recognises the importance of open spaces, sport and recreation provision and the contribution that they make to the quality of life.

Consultation paper on a new Planning Policy Statement: Planning for a Natural and Healthy Environment, 2010
This draft PPS, which was subject to public consultation in March 2010, was intended to replace the existing content of PPS7 in relation to landscape, PPS9 and PPG17. Significantly, it includes a requirement for Local Development Frameworks to “set out a strategic approach for the creation, protection and management of networks of green infrastructure”. It requires Local Planning Authorities to prepare and keep up-to-date an assessment of existing and future need of communities for both open space and green infrastructure. This policy statement has not moved forward as yet due to the change in Government and the new emphasis on a National Planning Framework.

Consultation paper on a new Planning Policy Statement: Planning for a Low Carbon Future in a Changing Environment, 2010
This Draft PPS sets out an expectation that green infrastructure provided as part of Local Development Frameworks will contribute to the objective of adapting to climate change by optimising its benefits urban cooling, local flood risk management and access to shady outdoor space. This policy statement has not moved forward as yet due to the change in Government and the new emphasis on a National Planning Framework.

Relevant Strategies and Guidance

Lawton Report - Making Space for Nature (September 2010)
The Lawton Report comprises an independent review of England’s wildlife sites and the connections between them, with recommendations to help achieve a healthy natural environment that will allow plants and animals to thrive. The report found that nature in England is highly fragmented and unable to respond effectively to new pressures such as climate and demographic change.

The Natural Choice: securing the value of nature (June 2011)
The recent Government White Paper on the natural environment sets out the importance of a healthy, functioning natural environment to sustained economic growth, prospering communities and personal well-being. It aims to facilitate greater local action to protect and improve nature; create a green economy, in which economic growth and the health of our natural resources sustain each other, and markets, business and Government better reflect the value of nature; strengthen the connections between people and nature to the benefit of both; and show leadership in the European Union and internationally, to protect and enhance natural assets globally.

Cambridgeshire Vision: County-wide Sustainable Community Strategy 2007 – 2021
The Cambridgeshire Vision sets out the collective vision and priorities of partner organisations to ensure that public services meet the needs of the people of Cambridgeshire. It focuses on 5 key themes; growth, economic prosperity, environmental sustainability, equality and inclusion and safer and stronger communities.

Although there is no specific reference to Green Infrastructure and open spaces, the Cambridgeshire Vision states that new development needs “to provide infrastructure that encourages physical activity such as walking and cycling and environments that support social networks, which have a positive effect on mental and physical health.”

Cambridge Sustainable Community Strategy (2007)
This strategy was adopted by the City Council with the aims to enhance the environment and improve the quality of life for people living in, working in and visiting the City. People in the City should live in sustainable communities that are strong, healthy, active, safe and inclusive.

Green Infrastructure Guidance, Natural England, 2009
This document sets out the benefits and functions of Green Infrastructure and encourages a co-ordinated and consistent approach to Green Infrastructure planning. It states:

“Green Infrastructure is a strategically planned and delivered network comprising the broadest range of high quality green spaces and other environmental features. It should be designed and managed as a multi-functional resource capable of delivering those ecological services and quality of life benefits required by the communities it serves and needed to underpin sustainability. Its design and management should also respect and enhance the character and distinctiveness of an area with regard to habitats and landscape types.

Green Infrastructure includes established green spaces and new sites and should thread through and surround the built environment and connect the urban area to its wider rural hinterland. Consequently it needs to be delivered at all spatial scales from sub-regional to local neighbourhood levels, accommodating both accessible natural green spaces within local communities and often much larger sites in the urban fringe and wider countryside.”

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